The truth is that the Apple had it all started first with iOS and the App Store, but the Android and its Play Store are quite tough competition nowadays. These two platforms for mobile application or games are dominating the market of mobile devices, and most novice software developers will opt for one of them when starting application programming. There is no ultimate answer to “What’s better option?”, too many things interfere. However, if you analyse several major features and aspects of the programming process, target markets, required equipment and much more, you can compare these two and figure which one would suit your skills, software developing knowledge and technical capacity better.
Fortunately, all the documentation, instructions and guidelines for programming in each of these platforms are widely available, but on the other hand, with such a complex structure and myriad of options, neither of these options will be easy. I have created here a brief rundown and comparison of some major aspects of iOS and Android application development that should help you choose your weapon before you start programming.
When choosing between iOS and Android as the platforms you’re going to do application development for, consider various characteristics of the devices your users will use for your application, such as memory, connectivity, battery duration, camera quality and finally – screen size and resolution. When it comes to developing iOS applications, you won’t be limited significantly, because Apple manufactures only several size options. Android imposes higher challenges because Android devices come in various sizes and shapes. Make sure you develop an application that will withstand various sizes and wide resolution range.
Different Coding languages
The first difference you have to keep in mind is that development of iOS applications requires Mac and iPhone or iPad, while Android can run on both PC and Mac as well. If you are planning to code iOS applications, you’ll be dealing with XCode IDE and iOS SDK with Swift as the most commonly chosen programming language. Android uses Android Studio as integrated developing environment, and the programming is conducted in Java and Android SDK. Swift and Java are not so extremely different, but in my opinion, Swift is a far better option for debugging, while Android offers better auto-complete.
Visual and UE differences
Visual effect and the user interface designs are quite different in these two. Android provides a design that strives to imitate real – life design or the image on the paper, while iOS promotes silk and smooth design that suits a mobile device. Analyse the graphics in your planned application and opt for one that will support your graphic best.
Another difference comes from navigation. Android will integrate a drawer system, and iOS applications use tab bars. Developing back button might be a problem with iOS devices that don’t support it. Android scores here as a better option, but this issue is solvable to many software developers. When it comes to details, you should also remember that iOS and Android features significantly different user interface controls, such as fonts, icons and dialogues. Make sure you are well familiar with this terrain before you opt for one of these two platforms for application development.