It’s possible that you’ve never heard of the terms client – side or server – side programmer, but you have certainly come to the terms “front-end” and “back-end” developer or designer. There’s a slight confusion going on among these terms frequently used in the web industry and many people looking for jobs in this field or simply exploring the matter are not quite sure what differs these two and what requirements you should meet to become front-end or back-end developer. There are, also, too many synonyms used for these two major fields, such as web-designer, web developer or various types of programmers. In this article, we will try to bring the matter closer to you and clarify a bit this blurred border between front-end and back-end web programming. It should help you get at least the rough impression about the differences, as well as the languages, methods and frameworks you’ll be dealing with.

Preview of front – end developing

Front-endAnother commonly used term in web industry that stands for front – end developing is “web designer”. This term is, also, not particularly precise, because it opens the discussion about the difference between web designer and user interface designer. User interface designer, if the term is taken literally, describes visual designers focused on visual identity of a web page. A web designer might use some programming languages or applications. However, all of these terms describe programming and development of all those items and aspects that user of the web page sees. Whether the front-end programmer will use coding for this job or not, depends on the extension of the job, but the final result of front-end developing will be a static website. When applying for the job of a front – end developer or web designer, you will probably have to acquire knowledge of some common languages, such as HTML, CSS or JavaScript and to possess the skills and experience with web design applications. Creating of the visual identity of the web page and maybe small aspects of coding will be the scope of your work.

Preview of back – end developing

Back-End

Web page designed by front – end developer, will be static, won’t change or update, unless you do complete new web design. To get a dynamic and interactive website, with the database, constant updating and vivid data flow, front-end web design requires back – end programming. Back – end development includes programming of so called “server – side”. It includes all the features and items and aspects that are not obvious to the user but enable dynamic interaction between a client and a mere website. “Behind” everything you see when using any web page out there, there’s a myriad of aspects and features necessary for proper functioning of the page and the interaction between the user, website and the server. Coding these aspects falls under the job of back – end developer or programmer. They are usually focused on creating databases, security aspects of the page, constant updating of the content, structure of the web page content and much more. Back – end developers work with PHP or. Net, but most of them are quite familiar with CSS and HTML too.

Full – stack developers


Above mentioned things and descriptions are a somewhat rough preview and differentiation between front – end and back – end developing. But the border is far from so clear, and there are many intersections among these fields. Also, many software companies look for so called “full – stack developers” when requiring one person to handle both functions, front – end and back – end programming.